North-east of Hungary, 230 km from Budapest, the small region of Tokaj (Tokaj-Hegyalja) is a crossroads of Central Europe giving both Romania, Ukraine and Slovakia. Tokaji region produced one of the greatest sweet wines in the world. By the time it was considered as a prestigious gift, elegant, it was a symbol of elegance.
Tokaji wines were also made famous by the words of Louis XIV “Tokaji wine of kings, king of wines.”
Types of Tokaji
Tokaji Furmint – dry white wine from the Tokaji wine region
Tokaji Harslevelü – dry wine needs to spends two years in oak casks before being bottled
Tokaji Sárgamuskotály – quality semi-dry white wine
Tokaji Szamorodni – Polish origin means: as it grew. This wine is made from partly botrytised bunches without selection of the botrytised (aszú) berries.
Tokaji Aszú – The Tokaj Aszú is the typical noble sweet wine from Tokaj-Hegyalja.
Tokaji Aszú Eszencia – Extremely rare wines made from best years and best vineyards
Tokaji Máslás – Left over Aszú lees at the bottom then it is mixed up with the simple must and fermented to a simple semi-sweet wine.
Tokaj wines are made using grapes affected by Botrytis cinerea, the beneficial fungus that dehydrates grape berries and concentrates their sugars, creating unique aromas in the wine. The amount of aszu berries used determines the sweetness of the wine. This is measured by the number of puttonyos (25kg baskets) of aszu berries(botrytized berries) used in a blend. Between one and six puttonyos were added to a 135 liter Gonc (barrel), according to the desired sweetness of the finished wine.
3 Puttonyos Aszú 75 kg to 136 kg young wine = 60 grams of residual sugar per liter
4 Puttonyos Aszú: 100 kg to 136 kg young wine = 90 grams of residual sugar per liter
5 Puttonyos Aszú 125 kg to 136 kg young wine = 120 grams of residual sugar per liter
6 Puttonyos Aszú: 150 kg to 136 kg young wine = 150 grams of residual sugar per liter
Aszú Eszencia: 180 grams of sugar per liter
The quality level is 3 puttonyos the least concentrated and therefore the least sweet.
Officially there are 6 types of grapes approved for the production of wines of Tokaj
- Furmint 60% of the region.
- Sárga Muskotály or Yellow Muscat
This Hungarian sweet wine pairs well with blue cheese, creme brulee, chocolate deserts..