Introduction to Beer


Beer is an alcoholic drink obtained by fermentation of the basic ingredients of water, malt, yeast and usually hops. Other ingredients can be unmalted cereals, fruits, herbs or spices. About the origin of the word “beer”, there are different explanations but most likely it comes from historical linguistic forms of German and its related Germanic languages, as Old High German bior,


  • Barley
  • Hop
  • Yeast
  • Water

Brewing Process

  1. Malting Barley soaked in the water for 40 hours
  2. Milling Cracking the barley
  3. Mashing Heat the cracked barley in water for 1-2 hours
  4. Lautering Extracting the sugary liquid
  5. Boiling Boiling while adding hop for flavor, bitterness..
  6. Fermenting and Conditioning After cooled added yeast for fermantation
  7. Filtering and Packaging Filtering and bottling




Fermentation is quicker and warmer (10-25°C), producing richer, fruitier and fuller type of beers. It usually has more alcohol and hop flavor. Uses top-fermenting  yeast(Saccharomyces cerevisiae).

Different Types of Ale

  • Brown Ale
  • Pale Ale
  • India Pale Ale (IPA)
  • Scotch Ale
  • Golden ale
  • Mild Ale
  • Burton Ale
  • Old Ale
  • Belgian Ale
  • Trappist Ale
  • Abbey Beer
  • Stout
  • Porter


Fermentation is slower and cooler(7 -15°C), producing lighter flavored and aromatic beers. Usually has lower alcohol. Expected to serve colder than ale. Uses bottom-fermenting yeasts (Saccharomyces pastorianus)

Different Types of Lager

  • Pilsner
  • Block
  • Dunkel
  • Märzen/Fest Beer
  • Vienna Style
  • Dortmunder
  • Black/Schwartz
  • Munich Helles
  • Pale Lager
{ 5 comments… add one }
  • TinVanMan March 27, 2015, 2:44 pm

    Great introduction. The city where I live, Grand Rapids, Michigan, has become a true craft beer mecca for the midwest in the last few years and I have really enjoyed trying a new brew every time I go out. I have, however, quite a few gaps in my basic knowledge. This is going to really help me when I go out and talk beer, which has now become a pastime for nearly everyone in the city. Also, maybe I can get a sneak peek into one of the breweries if I am able to hold my own. Looking forward to more beer posts.

  • BuzzedAldrin May 21, 2015, 3:07 pm

    One of the biggest things I’d add is that some beers are brewed specifically to be enjoyed warm or room temperature. I’m talking imperial stouts, or barley wines. That kind of thing.

    Most any American beer needs to be cold enough to chip skin off your hands though, they gain nothing by being warm.

    • BikBikeBikeBike May 23, 2015, 8:05 pm

      Great intro! But there is so much more. I look forward to some more content on this subject, beer is one of the oldest beverages and one of the most popular. Buzzed touched on an awesome point about the temperature of your beer. Rule of thumb is the higher or lower the temp the more flavor is muted (that’s why crummy beer is served really cold and crummy coffee is served very hot.)
      Another point I stress to those enjoying a brew is pour it into a glass. Air stays trapped in the bottle and can and actually makes you burp more. You can appreciate the color and will get a fuller smell when it’s in a glass.

      • ahouse4 June 3, 2015, 3:55 pm

        I agree with BuzzedAldrin and BikBikeBikeBike as well; temperature of different styles of beer when imbibed is important to being able to fully appreciate each brew and style. Though many craft breweries put these temperature guidelines on their bottles, a general list would be greatly appreciated (though serving temperatures are all personal). I enjoy wine and cocktails, but beer is my favorite drink. I’m excited for more posts about it! A food pairing list for different styles of beer would also be wonderful! I also agree that some American beers are best served very cold, but that is when talking about mostly mass-quantity brewed beer; the revolution of craft beer in the United States is changing that thankfully!

  • crissyfit1 October 1, 2015, 1:47 am

    I absolutely love beer, and yes, I would like to know more information on beer and history behind it. My favorite beer is Blue Moon, Fat Tire and Shock Top. I have a lot others that I like as well but don’t know the name to it. Maybe you can write about the beer that has a coffee flavor to it; that’s the kind of beer I want to know more about and I would like to see what other kinds are out there and if I should try any of them.

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