Chile is one of the largest South American wine producing countries, Chile has an almost perfect climate as well as the ability to produce exceptional wines. Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot are the main varieties but do not miss the Carmenere, a red grape grown almost exclusively in Chile.
The viticulture in Chile has a long tradition. The unique climatic conditions of the country during the warm days and sometimes night temperatures of less than 10 degrees provide ideal growing conditions for powerful complex wines. In the middle of the 16th century the first vines in Chile where planted by Spanish conquerors. The first varieties were originating from Spain Albilho, Moscatel, País and Torontel.
The modern Chilean viticulture dates to the mid-19th century when migrated French winemakers brought varieties, such as Cabernet Sauvignon with them.
As a typical Chilean, the old Bordeaux – grape Carmenere . In no region of the world, this grape is grown as professional and comprehensive as in Chile. With the grape varieties Cabernet Sauvignon , Syrah , Merlot and other well-known varieties such as Pinot Noir, Carmenere is one of the plants that are reimposed to the world.
Chile is the only country in the world with Cyprus , whose vineyard is not affected by the phylloxera . Even the false mildew has not yet occurred in Chile. Therefore, fewer chemicals are used, and on the refinement of the vine plants can be completely omitted.
Chilean Wine Facts
World Wine Production (2013)
- 23% Cabernet Sauvignon
- 13% Sauvignon Blanc
- 12% Carmenere
- 12% Chardonnay
- 11% Merlot
- 29% Others
Total Wine Production (2013)
Red wines are vinified primarily from Cabernet Sauvignon , the Merlot and Carmenere , but there are all French varieties, some of which was imported from France to protect the phylloxera. In addition, there are other foreign varieties, and varieties that have been introduced much earlier by the Spanish.
The white wines are made from chardonnay and sauvignon blanc.
The latest wine law which includes Chilean wine was passed in 1995 . Denomination of Origin, as it is called, has a part in common with the European quality system. Chilean wines are required to have at least 75% of a grape variety if it is to be consumed within Chile. Vintage-dated wines are required to have at least 75% of grapes harvested in the named year.
In addition, the wine here designations Reserva, Reserva Especial, Reservado Gran Vina. This designation has no official status but rather say something about how old the wine is. Especial is at least two years old, Reservado least four years and Gran Vina least six years.