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Burgundy (Bourgogne)

Burgundy-Bourgogne-wine-region

 

Burgundy wine region is located in east-central France, Auxerre and extends Macon. This region extends 360 kilometers from the south of Paris to the north of Lyon. With its 29,500 hectares of production, the Burgundian vineyards represent 3% of French AOC wine region and offers some of the greatest wines in the world.

Burgundy has a continental climate characterized by very cold winters, cool autumns and hot summers.

This region is composed of five distinct terroirs together in Chablis, Côte d’Or (separate Côte de Nuits and Côte de Beaune), Côte Chalonnaise, Maconnais and Beaujolais.

 

Burgundy Wine Classification

burgundy-classification

 

Grand Cru: Only 32 vineyards have the privilege of carrying the name “grand cru”. These are the best of the best.  They concentrate and express the richness of their unique terroir.

Premier Cru: Nearly 600 vineyards benefiting from the “premier cru” designation. They were officially designated under the old ways of describing best wines. The label of a premier cru carries the name of the village and the name of the vineyard. Wines are produced from specific vineyard sites that are still considered to be of good quality.

Village Appellation: Wine made with grapes wich come from plots of a specific village. village name on the wine label and sometimes the name of the single vineyard added.

Regional Appellation: Classification refers to wines that can be sourced or blended from anywhere in the Burgundy region. eg. AOC Bourgogne and sub regional Bourgogne Passe-Tout-Grains AOC

 

Grape Varieties

Chardonnay provides high quality wines in Burgundy where it originates.

Pinot Noir is the main red grape of Burgundy.

Gamay is the only red grape in Beaujolais.

Aligoté produces light and fresh wines. It has its own appellation in the form of Bourgogne Aligote

Also Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Blanc, Sacy and Melon de Bourgogne are growing grapes.

 

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